Challenging common myths in protected area management
|Authors||Woodhouse, E.; Bedelian, C.|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Type of Publication||Policy and Practice Brief|
Protected areas remain a cornerstone of efforts to conserve biodiversity and ecosystems globally. They are rapidly increasing in size and number. Aichi biodiversity target 11 of the Convention on Biological Diversity calls for 17% of terrestrial and inland water areas and 10% of coastal and marine areas to be protected by 2020.
Key messages of this policy brief are:
- It is a widely held myth that the integrity of protected areas is threatened by poor people in the local area. The evidence does not support this assumption.
- Protected area managers should recognise that conservation activities can affect many aspects of local people’s wellbeing, including non-material aspects.
- Compensation is rarely sufficient to offset the negative impacts that local people may suffer when their access to and use of natural resources is restricted. There should be a shift from one-off compensation to ongoing and adaptive engagement with affected communities.
- Governance of protected areas must be more equitable, allowing for full and effective participation by and partnership between protected area managers and local communities.
- Tenure rights can play a vital role in securing local people’s rights and incentives to conserve the environment but must be approached sensitively, to ensure that formal tenure processes do not marginalise poor people further.
Image: Mursi tribe, Ethiopia, credit R. Waddington