Coping with the wicked problem of climate adaptation across scales: The Five R Governance Capabilities

Title Coping with the wicked problem of climate adaptation across scales: The Five R Governance Capabilities
Year of Publication 2016
Authors Termeer, C.J.A.M.; Dewulf, A.; Karlsson-Vinkhuyzen, S.I.; Vink, M.; van Vliet, M.
Type of Publication Journal Article
Journal Landscape And Urban Planning
Volume 154
Issue 7
Pagination 11-19
DOI 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2016.01.007
ISSN 0169-2046
Publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Times Cited 4
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Funding Round ESPA-2012 Grants
Project Code ne/k010239/1
Open Access No
Abstract

Adapting social-ecological systems to the projected effects of climate change is not only a complex technical matter but above all a demanding governance issue. As climate change has all the characteristics of a wicked problem, conventional strategies of governance do not seem to work. However, most conventional governance institutions are poorly equipped to enable, or at least tolerate, innovative strategies. This paper analyses the various strategies used to cope with the wicked problem of climate adaptation across scales, and the institutional conditions that enable or constrain such strategies. For this, it relies on a theoretical framework consisting of five governance capabilities that are considered crucial for coping with wicked problems: reflexivity, resilience, responsiveness, revitalization and rescaling. This framework is used to analyse the governance of adaptation to climate change at three different levels: the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its activities to assist adaptation; the European Union and its climate adaptation strategy; and the Netherlands and its Delta Program. The results show that conventional governance strategies are rather absent and that mixtures of reflexive, resilient, responsive, revitalizing and rescaling strategies were visible at all levels, although not equally well developed and important. In contrast to the literature, we found many examples of enabling institutional conditions. The constraining conditions, which were also present, tend to lead more to postponement than to obstruction of decision-making processes. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.