Biodiversity and ecosystem services: a multilayered relationship

Title Biodiversity and ecosystem services: a multilayered relationship
Year of Publication 2012
Authors Mace, G.M.; Norris, K.; Fitter, A.H.
Type of Publication Journal Article
Journal Trends in Ecology & Evolution
Volume 27
Issue 1
Pagination 19-26
DOI 10.1016/j.tree.2011.08.006
ISSN 01695347
Publisher Elsevier (Cell Press)
Times Cited 339
Web of Science View Web of Science record for this publication
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Funding Round Directorate Research
Project Code espa-res-001
Open Access No
Abstract

The relationship between biodiversity and the rapidly expanding research and policy field of ecosystem services is confused and is damaging efforts to create coherent policy. Using the widely accepted Convention on Biological Diversity definition of biodiversity and work for the UK National Ecosystem Assessment we show that biodiversity has key roles at all levels of the ecosystem service hierarchy: as a regulator of underpinning ecosystem processes, as a final ecosystem service and as a good that is subject to valuation, whether economic or otherwise. Ecosystem science and practice has not yet absorbed the lessons of this complex relationship, which suggests an urgent need to develop the interdisciplinary science of ecosystem management bringing together ecologists, conservation biologists, resource economists and others.