Institutions for Urban Poor's Access to Ecosystem Services: A Comparison of Green and Water Structures in Bangladesh and Tanzania
Bangladesh and Tanzania are two rapidly urbanising, least-developed countries, with their populations living in low-income settlements relying on two key ecosystems for essential services: urban green and water structures.
These provide shelter, fuel, food, safe drinking water, drainage, and flood/pollution prevention. However, they are also the source of 'disservices' such as harmful bacteria which can lead to chronic ill-health.
In these low-income countries where state authority is weak, co-production (providing public services through collaboration between state agencies and citizen groups) and community collective action can together serve as building blocks for institutional effectiveness.
Our research will focus on Dhaka (Bangladesh) and Der es Salaam (Tanzania) to identify policy-relevant design principles and operational practices needed to produce ecosystem services which promote sustainable improvements in the wellbeing of the urban poor. The similarities between these two cities will enable findings to be generalised, while their contrasts will allow us to develop a robust conceptual framework and test emerging hypotheses.
We have also adopted a multi-disciplinary, multi-context approach, bringing together a team of leading Bangladeshi, Tanzanian and UK researchers, and it will train and engage 20 promising young Bangladeshi and Tanzanian researchers.