Environmental, social and economic co-benefits of charcoal substitution with bioethanol in Malawi and Mozambique
- Bioethanol has a great potential as a cooking fuel, however, the economic impact in terms of fuel and stove costs have to be addressed to accelerate its wider adoption.
- Depending on the phase of adoption i.e. initial, usage and discontinued phase, households prefer a fuel due to certain characteristics that are valued differently.
- The provision of fuelwood is a highly valued ecosystem service in the areas studied and any substitution has to insure availability in addition to affordability.
- The potential for deforestation and forest degradation due to increasing fuelwood and charcoal demand was recognised by a significant segment of the population.
- Consistent government policies, availability of technical support and private sector actor confidence are key for any fuel substitution project to be successful.
About Ms Anne Nyambane
Anne has recently completed her MSc in Environmental Science at Kenyatta University. She has previous experience of biomass energy research projects from her involvement in the United Nations Development Programme and through her masters research project. Her project, hosted by the Stockholm Environment Institute, will assess how biofuel production for household use can improve human well-being and become an agent of poverty alleviation in Sub-Saharan Africa.