Managing coastal and marine ecosystem services to support the wellbeing of the poor
Presenters and facilitators:
- Salomao Bandeira, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane
- Christina Hicks, Lancaster University
- Sam Mwangi, ESPA East Africa Impact Advisor
- Nyawira Muthiga, Wildlife Conservation Society
- Dominique Goncales, University of Kent
- Marlino Mubai, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane
- Julio Machele, Universidade Eduardo Mondlane
- Ida Gabrielsson, Stockholm Resilience Center
- Daniela Diz, University of Strathclyde
- James Kairo, KMFRI
- Mark Huxham, Edinburgh Napier University
- Sergio Rosendo, University of East Anglia
The concept of ecosystem services and their contributions to human wellbeing seeks to put people at the centre of environmental conservation and management initiatives. However, different people across multiple geographical scales can benefit from ecosystems in different and often complex ways. An understanding of the linkages between ecosystems and human wellbeing can guide managers to design interventions that maximise wellbeing and minimise ecosystem degradation. Over the past four years, the Ecosystem Services for Poverty Alleviation (ESPA) programme has funded three research projects in the Western Indian Ocean Region that explore these connections. This session will draw on the experiences and findings of:
- The ESPA synthesis of fisheries-related projects;
- Sustainable Poverty Alleviation from Coastal Ecosystem Services (SPACES) project in Kenya and Mozambique; and
- Coastal Ecosystem Services for East Africa (CESEA) project in Kenya and Tanzania.
Speakers will highlight key lessons, practical tools, and policy guidance emerging from this work.
9:00 Introduction Aims and future directions of ESPA.
9:15 – 10.30 Session 1: Fisheries in the context of ecosystem services
The morning will begin with a presentation on the broader ESPA findings on fisheries and coastal and marine ecosystem services, more specifically, the role of ecosystem services to poverty alleviation and wellbeing in the context of an ecosystem approach to fisheries. This session will showcase the complex nature of poverty alleviation, especially in light of changing climate, and how the ecosystem services framework can help identify and design appropriate conservation and management measures, and relevant policies from global to local levels. In this connection, this session will also highlight how the multiple dimensions of poverty relevant to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been addressed by these ESPA fisheries-related projects, including by, informing and strengthening participation in decision-making processes and identification of trade-offs. These findings will shed light on how the ecosystem services framework can bridge biodiversity law and human rights.
10.45 - 12.30 Session 2 : The SPACES project
The second half of the morning will involve a session focused on the policy relevant research findings from the SPACES project, under three broad themes: 1) Poverty, wellbeing, and ecosystem services benefits are multidimensional; 2) Ecosystem services benefits are unequally distributed across social groups; 3) Lessons from the co-production of ecosystem services knowledge. This session is particularly relevant for managers and policy-makers in the Western Indian Ocean region, as well as researchers engaging with policy-making. The interactive session format will facilitate multi-way learning.
1.30 – 2.30 Session 3: Payments for Ecosystem Services Participants will be taken through a step-by-step approach of developing successful Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) projects. This will be anchored with the award winning Mikoko Pamoja project, where questions of additionally, leakage control, replicability, benefit sharing, institutional capacity, and bundling marine ecosystem services will be discussed. This will be an interactive opportunity for people interested in developing small scale marine PES projects in their areas. The session will also feature issues related to measuring, reporting and verification of blue carbon.
2.45 - 5.00 Session 4: The Ecosystem Service and Wellbeing Intervention Tool The final session of the day will introduce and demonstrate the SPACES ‘Ecosystem Service and Wellbeing Intervention Tool’ (ESWIST). The tool will use the SPACES data to animate the links among ecosystem services, ecological condition and wellbeing, so that decision makers can explore the implications of proposed interventions on multidimensional poverty. The tool enables decision makers to explore the links among ecosystem services and wellbeing for different groups of people to identify trade-offs and develop interventions that are likely to inclusively support wellbeing. The tool will be demonstrated during the session to show how different scenarios can be modelled and how it can be used to screen possible interventions. Finally, there will be the opportunity for participants to try the tool.