27 February, 2015
As ESPA Director, I am very pleased to be able to share information describing ESPA’s progress and plans for the future with our researchers and external partners. ESPA’s funders commissioned an independent external Mid-Term Review (MTR) of the ESPA programme that was implemented during 2014 and early 2015. The MTR report has now been published in full on the ESPA website along with a programme response to the MTR. The programme feels that it is important for these documents to be made available to the ESPA community and would welcome your comments. You can submit your comments using the form below. Please note that comments will be moderated and will be published anonymously.
As you will see in the programme response to the MTR, my team in the ESPA Directorate were asked to consider how to develop work which enhanced the impact and legacy of the programme. This is now being integrated into planning for the programme,...Read more
The Bangladesh coastal zone: Improvements in human well-being have come at an unsustainable environmental cost at one of the world's most climate vulnerable regions
26 February, 2015
Humanity is facing a new phase of sustainability challenges because over the past two centuries human activities have influenced both earth’s climate and ecosystems. At a global scale climate change has received most of the attention, but in order to tackle sustainability challenges at a regional scale we have to consider all human influences on the environment. Our new study (Hossain et al., 2015) shows how we can address sustainability challenges at a regional scale by applying a co-evolutionary approach to the study of human wellbeing and a range of ‘ecosystem services’, such as food and fresh water, in the south-west coastal area of Bangladesh - one of the most climate vulnerable regions in the world. Time series data for the coupled social-ecological system were analysed to identify the range of trends, drivers of change and presence of tipping points.
The study reveals that, since the 1980s, increasing GDP and per capita income mirror rising levels of food and inland fish production. As a result, the size of population below the poverty line has reduced by ~10%. However, non-food ecosystem services such as water availability, water...Read more