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Failure to consider and properly measure the relationship between the environment, human wellbeing and poverty constrains the design of effective development policies. An initiative funded by the ESPA programme examined how multidimensional measures of poverty can better capture the importance of the environment for human wellbeing.
There have been repeated calls to ensure that costs and benefits arising from protected areas are shared equitably. Yet a gap remains between policy and practice. ESPA responded to a clear need for clarity and practical guidance to ensure that the benefits of conservation do not come at a cost for poor communities.View More
An ESPA project has provided recommendations to the government and other stakeholders in Madagascar to ensure that both environmental and livelihoods considerations are taken into account within its national programme for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD+).View More
An ESPA project project demonstrated that reciprocal water agreements or ‘Watershared’ agreements which compensate land managers for catchment protection are both replicable and scalable across Bolivia, and have the interest of the private sector.View More
The livelihoods of the many tens of millions of poor people in Bangladesh’s delta region are increasingly precarious as the natural resources upon which they depend are threatened. Scientists from the ESPA programme and senior officials in the Bangladesh government have collaborated to ensure that development in this challenging area works for the economy, the environment and people.View More
In the northern Indian state of Uttarakhand, Nainital’s lake supports its growing population and tourism industry, but its water levels are declining.An ESPA project researched the impact of human activities on water levels, and convened an expert group that supported local citizens who are engaged in a public interest lawsuit to protect their water source.View More