Ecosystems under pressure can shift irreversibly, including the collapse of essential services. This project produced indices for the lower Yangtze Basin showing at a glance that unsustainable development has severely degraded the farming economy’s resource base. Time series for a range of ecosystem services show critical transitions transgressed since the 80s, especially water quality. Other time series show increasing variability which may indicate progressive losses of resilience across the whole region – meaning the area is becoming...
Contact Email Addressdavid.firstname.lastname@example.org
OrganisationUniversity of Stirling
DepartmentSchool of Biological & Environmental Sciences
Publication in Relevant Areas
Bridge, J. W., Oliver, D. M., Chadwick, D, Godfray, C., Heathwaite, A. L., Kay, D., Maheswaran, R., McGonigle, D., Nichols, G., Pickup, R., Porter, J., Wastling, J., and Banwart, S. A. (2010). Engaging with environmental science for public health benefits: water quality and waterborne diseases in the developed world. Bulletin of the World Health Organisation. in press. Oliver, D. M., Page, T., Heathwaite, A. L., and Haygarth, P. M. (2010). Re-shaping models of E. coli population dynamics in livestock faeces: increased bacterial risk to humans? Environment International, 36, 1-7. Oliver, D. M., Heathwaite, A. L., Fish, R. D., Chadwick, D. R., Hodgson, C. J., Winter, M., and Butler A. (2009). Scale appropriate modelling of diffuse microbial pollution from agriculture. Progress in Physical Geography, 33, 358-377. Oliver, D. M., Fish, R. D., Hodgson, C. J., Heathwaite, A. L., Chadwick, D. R. and Winter, M. (2009). A cross-disciplinary toolkit to assess the risk of faecal indicator loss from grassland farm systems to surface waters. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 129, 401-412. Chadwick, D. R., Fish, R. D., Oliver, D. M., Heathwaite, A. L., Hodgson, C. J. and Winter, M. (2008). Management of livestock and their manure to reduce the risk of microbial transfers to water – the case for an interdisciplinary approach. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 19, 240-247. Oliver, D. M., Clegg, C. D., Haygarth, P. M. and Heathwaite, A. L. (2005). Assessing the potential for pathogen transfer from grassland soils to surface waters. Advances in Agronomy 85, 125-180.
Countries of Research Interest
UK, US, New Zealand. I do not have any experience (to data) of countries within the four ESPA regions listed below.
Statement of Interest in the Call
Fundamental to protecting valuable ecosystem services such as clean and safe recreational and drinking water is a comprehensive understanding of pathogen (and indicator) behavioural characteristics and associated disease transmission in the environment. This is needed to ensure that mitigation strategies can be designed for the greatest effect and decision-making undertaken with the best possible view for sustainable land and water management across the world. Unfortunately, critical science gaps exist with regard to pathogen fate and transfer in catchments and their subsequent impact on drinking, inland and coastal waters. These science gaps need to be addressed in order to develop the tools, datasets and networks needed to improve capacity to assess ecosystem services provided by the water environment, and their impacts on well-being. Emerging issues linked to climate variability a(e.g. increased storminess) may bring about serious changes on the provision of ecosystem services from both land and water, including food security.