ESPA 2014 Annual Science Meeting, 26 - 27 November, 2014 - Registration now open

ESPA is a seven year, £40 million research programme funded by DFID, ESRC and NERC to provide new knowledge demonstrating how ecosystem services can reduce poverty and enhance well-being for the world’s poor. Learn More »


This project developed tools that are contributing to developing an effective, efficient and equitable alternative to the REDD+ mechanism, which had previously been repeatedly rejected by the Bolivian government. It has shown how to create a mechanism that takes advantage of the positive aspects of REDD+ while minimizing the negative aspects. Such a mechanism would have to combine both ‘carrots’ (such as financial and technical support for integral forest management) and ‘sticks’ (taxes on deforestation) in order to achieve the most desirable outcomes. Thanks in part to this project, the alternative mechanism has already attracted US$ 27 million.

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